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Local File Transfer Using PIP
The PIP program transfers files between standard I/O devices at the
local system. It can perform simple editing and magnetic tape control
operations during transfer operations.
* output file-spec(s)/switches = input file-spec(s)/switches
where: * is the PIP prompt; output file-spec and input file-spec are
file specifications which may include wildcards; and = (equals
sign) separates the output from the input files. You must
include this, even if you omit either file specification.
/switch is one or more of the options described below. Each
description includes any restrictions on combining that switch with
/A Does not split lines between output buffers; starts each
line with a new word. Used for FORTRAN ASCII input. This
switch may be used with /C, /E, /G, /M, /N, /O, /Q, /S,
/V, and /Z.
/B Copies in binary mode. This switch is legal with /G, /M,
/P, /Q, and /X.
/C Deletes trailing spaces and converts multiple spaces to
tabs. You can use this switch with /A, /E, /G, /J, /M,
/N, /O, /Q, /S, /T, /V, /W, /X, and /Z.
/D Deletes one or more files from the destination device.
You can only specify a destination device in the command
string. You may use the /X switch with /D.
/E For card reader input, ignores card sequence numbers. In
other words, this switch replaces characters in columns
73-80 with spaces. This switch can be used with the /A,
/C, /G, /J, /M, /N, /O, /Q, /S, /X, and /Z switches.
/F Gives a limited (fast) version of the directory for the
specified device. You may not use any other switches with
/G Ignores I/O errors and continue processing after issuing
an error message. This switch is always legal.
/H Copies in image binary mode. You can use /H with /G, /M,
/X, and /Z.
/I Copies in image mode. You can use this switch with /G,
/M, /X, and /Z.
/J Converts non-printing control characters to
control-character format for terminal output. That is,
001, <CTRL/A>, is output as ^A. /A, /C, /E, /M, /W, and
/X are permitted with this switch.
/L Lists the directory for the specified device. You may
only use /Z with this switch.
(Mx) Magnetic tape switches, enclosed in parentheses. They are
listed below. You may not use /D, /F, or /U with this
(M8) 800 bpi density (default value)
(M5) 556 bpi density
(M2) 200 bpi density
(ME) Even parity (odd parity is default)
(M#nA) Advance tape reel n files. #n omitted
means one file.
(M#nB) Backspace tape reel n files. #n omitted
means one file.
(M#nD) Advance tape reel n records. #n omitted
means one record.
(M#nP) Backspace tape reel n records. #n omitted
means one record.
(MW) Rewind tape reel.
(MT) Skip to logical end-of-tape.
(MU) Rewind and unload.
(MF) Mark end-of-file.
/N Deletes line sequence numbers from an ASCII file. If tab
follows the sequence number, deletes the tab also. You
may use /A, /C, /E, /G, /M, /Q, /X, and /Z with this
/O Resequences or adds line sequence numbers to an ASCII
file, incrementing by 1. You may use /A, /C, /E, /G, /M,
/X, and /Z with this switch.
/P Converts FORTRAN format control characters for line
printer listing. You may use /B and /Z with this switch.
/Q Lists a summary of switches on the specified device. You
may not use /Q with /D, /F, /R, and /V.
/R Renames the source file to the name of the destination
file. /X may be used with /R.
/S Resequences or adds line sequence numbers to an ASCII
file, incrementing by 10. /A, /C, /T, and /Z are all
valid with /S.
/T Deletes trailing spaces from the transferred file. Keeps
one space and the line termintor for an all-space line.
You may use /C, /S, and /Z with this switch.
/V Matches angle brackets. If there is an unmatched angle
bracket, creates a file listing those lines with unmatched
angle brackets. You may use /G, /M, and /Z with /V.
/W Converts tabs to spaces. /C and /Z are legal with this
/X and /DX Copies the specified files without concatenating the
files. /DX copies all but the specified files. If you
omit the /X switch, PIP concatenates the files while
copying. You may not use /F or /L with this switch.
/Z Zeroes the directory of the destination device. PIP
attempts to delete all the files named in the directory,
depending on the protection codes. You may not use this
switch with /D or /R.
PIP can transfer files in either ASCII or binary mode. PIP uses the
file extension in the file specification to determine which mode to
use. Whenever possible, PIP transfers files in a binary mode since it
is faster. The binary modes are: binary, image, and image binary.
PIP performs a specific series of tests on a file extension in order
to determine the mode to use during a transfer operation. PIP looks
o The presence of a data mode switch. If no switch is found,
PIP goes to the next test.
o The presence of a known (standard) file extension that
specifies a binary mode of transfer. If no binary extensions
are found, PIP goes to the next test.
o The input and the output devices specified, to determine if
they are capable of handling binary data. If either of the
devices cannot handle binary, the transfer is made in ASCII
mode. If both devices can handle binary data, PIP goes to
the next test.
o The presence of the /X switch in the command string; if it is
found, the transfer is made in binary mode. If an X option
is not found, PIP goes to the next test.
o The presence of commas (non-delimiters) in the command
string; if commas are found, ASCII mode is indicated. If no
commas are found, the transfer is made in binary mode.
The PIP program:
Destroys your core image.
Places your terminal at user level.
1. Run PIP, and list your directory on your terminal.
2. Transfer files from area [11,7] to your directory without
3. Combine all the files on the tape on MTA0: into one file in
4. Rename the file MONI.MAC to MONI.CBL
5. Change the directory access code of [57,123] to <222>.
6. Transfer a file from MTA1: to MTA2: at 200 bpi with even
7. Backspace MTA0: to the start of the previous file. (MB) is
equivalent to (M#1B).
8. Backspace MTA2: to the start of the current file.