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The COMPILE command translates source files into object (relocatable
@COMPILE (FROM) /switch(es) source/switch(es) object,...
switches are keywords chosen from the list below,
indicating your choice of COMPILE command options.
They have different effects depending on their
position in the command line: placed before all
files in the command, they act as defaults for
all; otherwise, they affect only the nearest
Defaults are shown in the list of switches
source is the file specification of a source program.
The filename must be of 6 or fewer characters, and
the file type of 3 or fewer characters; you cannot
use a generation number.
Default - arguments you gave in your last
object is the filename you choose for the object file; it
must be of 6 or fewer characters.
Default - filename of the source file (file
type is .REL)
Summary of COMPILE Command Switches (defaults in boldface)
Descriptions of these switches are given below. Although the
system will not reject switches described under any of the
LOAD-class commands, only those switches commonly associated with
COMPILE are described here.
COMPILE Command Switches
/10-BLISS compiles the file using the BLISS-10 compiler.
Default for files of type .B10 and .BLI
/36-BLISS compiles the file using the BLISS-36 compiler.
Default for files of type .B36
/68-COBOL compiles the file using the COBOL-68 compiler.
Default for files of type .C68 or .68C
/74-COBOL compiles the file using the COBOL-74 compiler.
Default for files of type .C74 or .74C
/ABORT stops a compile if a fatal error is detected and
returns your terminal to TOPS-20 command level.
/ALGOL compiles the file using the ALGOL compiler.
Default for files of type .ALG
/BINARY allows generation of an object (binary) file for
each source file given. Use this switch to cancel
a /NOBINARY switch.
/COBOL compiles the file using the COBOL compiler, either
COBOL-68 or COBOL-74, that your installation has
stored in the file SYS:COBOL.EXE.
Default for files of type .CBL
/COMPILE forces compilation of the source file even if a
current object file already exists. Use this
switch along with the /LIST or /CREF switch to
obtain listings when you have current object
files. (See also the /NOBINARY switch.)
/CREF same as /CROSS-REFERENCE
creates a file containing cross-reference
information for each compilation. The filename is
that of the object file; the file type is .CRF.
Use the CREF command to obtain a listing of the
file. (For COBOL files, this switch automatically
produces a cross-reference listing.) See the
TOPS-20 User Utilities Guide for information about
the CREF program.
/DDT loads the DDT debugging program along with your
/DEBUG produces an object file containing debugging
information beyond what is usually inserted during
a compilation. (For FORTRAN programs only, and
only if you have not given the /OPTIMIZE switch.)
/FAIL compiles the file using the FAIL compiler.
Default for files of type .FAI
indicates non-standard syntax in file.
/FORTRAN compiles the file using the FORTRAN compiler
Default in the absence of a standard source
file type and a language switch
Default for files of type .FOR
passes the specified switches to the compiler that
will process the file(s) to which this switch
applies. You must include the switches in double
quotation marks (" ").
/LIBRARY same as /SEARCH.
/LIST prints a listing of the program in ASCII format;
the name of this listing is the filename of the
object file. The /CREF switch overrides /LIST
when they both apply to the same file.
/MAC same as /MACRO
/MACHINE-CODE produces a file containing the generated machine
code. The filename is that of the object file;
the file type is .LST. For high-level languages.
/MACRO assembles the file using the MACRO assembler.
Default for files of type .MAC
/MAP produces a loader map and stores it in the file
object.MAP, where object is the name of the module
containing the start address, or (if no start
address) nnnLNK.MAP, where nnn is your job number.
/NOBINARY prevents generation of an object (binary) file.
Use this switch along with /LIST or /CREF to allow
these switches to take effect without producing a
new object file.
/NOCREF same as /NOCROSS-REFERENCE.
/NOCOMPILE prevents compilation if the associated object file
is current; otherwise it forces compilation.
Cancels /COMPILE or /RELOCATABLE. See
Characteristics - Compiling New Sources Only,
prevents the creation of a cross-reference file.
/NODEBUG excludes special debugging information from your
object file. (For FORTRAN programs only.)
prevents the flagging of nonstandard syntax in the
/NOLIBRARY same as /NOSEARCH.
/NOLIST prevents a line printer listing of the program.
prevents generation of a file containing machine
/NOOPTIMIZE prevents the generation of a globally optimized
object file. (For FORTRAN programs only.)
/NOSEARCH requires all modules in the object file library
(the file accompanied by this switch in the
command line) to be loaded, even if they are not
called by your program. Cancels the /SEARCH
/NOSTAY stops the compiler from being placed in a
background fork. Use when /STAY is set as a
default for the compiler.
/NOSYMBOLS prevents a symbol table from being loaded along
with the object file.
/NOWARNINGS prevents display of warnings for nonfatal errors.
/OPTIMIZE calls for generation of a globally optimized
object file, that is, one that runs as quickly as
possible. (For FORTRAN programs only, and only if
you have not given the /DEBUG switch.)
/PASCAL compiles the file using the PASCAL compiler.
Default for files of type .PAS
/RELOCATABLE identifies the input file as an object file
(regardless of its extension) and prevents
compilation of the source file, forcing use of an
existing object file even if the object file is
out of date.
Default for files of type .REL
/SAIL compiles the file using the SAIL compiler.
Default for files of type .SAI
/SEARCH requires that the object file library (the file
accompanied by this switch in the command line) be
searched for modules called by your program or by
a program subroutine. Only these modules are
loaded, along with modules called from the system
libraries, which are always searched.
/SIMULA compiles the file using the SIMULA compiler.
Default for files of type .SIM
/SNOBOL compiles the file using the SNOBOL compiler
Default for files of type .SNO
/STAY returns your terminal to TOPS-20 command level so
that you can perform other work while the system
continues to compile your program. You
immediately receive the TOPS-20 prompt (@ or $),
and can then issue any user command. Be careful
not to send incorrect data to programs expecting
terminal input. (See the CONTINUE command,
Restrictions: Programs Competing for Terminal
This switch saves you from having to: issue a ^T
to make sure the compiler has begun; give a ^C to
halt compilation; and issue a CONTINUE /STAY
command to remain at command level during
/SYMBOLS loads a symbol table along with the object file;
helpful for debugging a program.
/WARNINGS displays warnings for nonfatal errors.
Compiling New Sources Only
The system usually compiles only those sources for which
there are no current object files, that is, sources whose
write dates are more recent than those of the object files
of the same name.
However, sources for which you supply a new object filename
are compiled even if there are current object files. You
can always force compilation with the /COMPILE switch.
Default Switches Not Passed to Compiler
Only switches specified in a LOAD-class command are passed
to the compiler; default switches are not passed. Instead,
the system assumes that the defaults for the compiler are
the same as the defaults for the LOAD-class command.
Using Standard File Types
If you specify source files with standard types (.FOR, .MAC,
.CBL, or .ALG) in a COMPILE command, the system
automatically calls the appropriate compiler when
compilation is necessary. If you specify source files by
filename only, the system searches your connected directory
in the above order for a file of this name and a standard
type. To compile programs from sources that have
nonstandard file types, give a switch to indicate the proper
compiler (/FORTRAN, /MACRO, /COBOL, or /ALGOL). A switch
will take precedence over a standard file type if they
indicate different languages. If no compiler is indicated
with either a switch or a standard file type, the FORTRAN
compiler is used.
Plus Signs Between Filespecs
If you give two or more filespecs separated by plus signs
(+) as arguments to COMPILE, they are compiled together as
if they were a single file. Their object module is stored
under any filename given as the "object" argument of the
command, or (if none) under the last filename in the group
and file type .REL.
Indirect Files as Arguments
You can store the arguments (source and object filespecs,
switches) of a COMPILE command in an indirect file, and
specify them by typing an at sign (@) and its filespec as a
COMPILE command argument.
Establishing Default Arguments with the SET Command
You can issue the SET DEFAULT COMPILE-SWITCHES command to
set up default global arguments to the COMPILE command.
Insert this SET command in your COMAND.CMD file to change
your own defaults permanently.
Wildcards Illegal with COMPILE
The COMPILE command does not accept wildcard characters (*
and %) in a file specification.
Effect on Memory
The COMPILE command clears any unkept forks from memory and loads
the appropriate compiler.
LOAD, EXECUTE, and DEBUG other LOAD-class commands for
performing related functions
1. Compile a FORTRAN program.
2. Do the same thing, using a switch to indicate the proper
compiler. Use the /STAY switch to return immediately to
TOPS-20 command level.
TOPS-20 Command processor 7(1015)
3. Create an indirect file using the EDIT editor. Use it to
compile several programs, forcing a compilation of the last
one and storing its object file under a new name.
00100 /COBOL FSTQ, SNDQ, THDQ, FTHQ/COMPILE ANNUAL
COBOL: DMN [FSTQ.CBL]
COBOL: DMN [SNDQ.CBL]
COBOL: DMN [THDQ.CBL]
COBOL: DMN [FTHQ.CBL]
Total of 5 files
4. Produce a cross-reference (.CRF) file for a FORTRAN program
although you already have a current object file; prevent the
generation of a new object program. Check for the output
@COMPILE /CREF/FORTRAN/COMPILE/NOBINARY RSD2
Total of 4 files