There are no other files named continue.hlp in the archive.
The CONTINUE command continues execution of a fork that was halted.
@CONTINUE (FORK) argument /switch
argument is the fork name or fork number.
Default - the current fork
/switch is a keyword, chosen from the list below,
indicating your choice of CONTINUE command
CONTINUE Command Switches
/BACKGROUND keeps your terminal at TOPS-20 command level and
continues execution of the program in a
"background" fork. When the program attempts to
do terminal input or output, it halts and displays
the message [FORK-NAME wants the TTY].
/NORMALLY restores your terminal to command level (if any)
within the program.
/STAY keeps your terminal at TOPS-20 command level and
continues execution of the program in a
"background" fork. Output from the program is
sent to the terminal and is intermixed with
whatever output is currently displayed. When the
program attempts to read from the terminal, it can
randomly intercept input intended for the EXEC or
another program. Therefore, use this switch with
programs that, once started, do not request
further terminal input.
Continuing a Noncurrent Fork
When you continue a noncurrent fork, by including the
fork-name argument in a CONTINUE command, the specified fork
becomes your current fork.
Stopping a Background Program
To stop a background program, give the FREEZE command.
Providing Input to a Background Program
A background program, continued with CONTINUE /BACKGROUND,
sends the message [FORK-NAME wants the TTY] when it wants
input. A background program, continued with CONTINUE /STAY,
prints the program prompt, for example PASCAL>, when it
wants input. To (provide input to a program that is running
in a background fork, return to program command level with
CONTINUE /NORMALLY. (Some programs require you to type an
extra RETURN after CONTINUE /NORMALLY to display the program
prompt). Then, type the required program input. (See
below, Restrictions, Programs Competing for Terminal Input.)
Monitoring your Program
CONTINUE /STAY and CONTINUE /BACKGROUND, by keeping your
terminal at TOPS-20 command level (EXEC), let you use
TOPS-20 commands to monitor the progress of your program
while it is running. Use the INFORMATION FORK-STATUS
command to display the CPU time used and the kept and RUN
status of each fork belonging to the current EXEC level.
More commands for monitoring your programs are listed below
in Related Commands.
Running Multiple Programs Simultaneously
To simultaneously run multiple programs in background forks
or use commands that affect memory, use one or a combination
of the following methods after placing a fork in the
background with CONTINUE /STAY or CONTINUE /BACKGROUND:
PUSHing to an Inferior EXEC Level
Type the PUSH command to create an inferior EXEC level
and a fresh copy of memory (address space). Then run
another program and return to EXEC command level with
CONTINUE /STAY or CONTINUE /BACKGROUND. The new
program does not affect the background program since
both programs are at a different EXEC level. However,
see Restrictions below. PUSH to a new EXEC before
running each new program.
KEEPing the Fork
Type the KEEP command to give the background fork a
"kept" status. (A kept fork is not cleared from memory
when another program is loaded.) Then run another
program and return to EXEC command level with CONTINUE
/STAY or CONTINUE /BACKGROUND. KEEP each background
fork before running another program. Check the status
of your forks with INFORMATION FORK-STATUS.
Continuing Forks Using the Fork Name
You can continue a fork by typing the fork name as if it
were the CONTINUE command. To function as the CONTINUE
command, the fork must be "kept" with the KEEP or the SET
PROGRAM KEEP command. For more information, refer to the
descriptions of these commands.
The CONTINUE command is one of the TOPS-20
multiforking-class commands. For more information about
multiforking, see the section on Running Multiple Programs
in the TOPS-20 User's Guide.
Similar Programs Competing for Files
If you have two similar programs running simultaneously,
they may try to access the same files at the same time (for
example, temporary files labeled by job number, used by
compilers). This may cause unpredictable situations to
develop. To avoid the possibility, run different kinds of
Programs Competing for Terminal Input
If you use CONTINUE /STAY to run a program in a background
fork, the program can request input from the terminal while
you are giving input to the EXEC or another program. This
input can be randomly intercepted by the background program
when it requests terminal input. Usually though, the EXEC
or the current program receives the input.
When terminal input is intercepted by the background
program, the program will usually type input error messages.
To give input to the program, stop the program by typing two
CTRL/Cs or the program's exit command. Then, if the
background program is at a higher EXEC command level, give
POP commands to return to the EXEC level that holds the
background program. (POP terminates the current EXEC and
erases programs in its memory.) Finally, give the CONTINUE
/NORMALLY command; this puts you at program command level so
that you can give the requested input.
Remember, input is intercepted by the background program
randomly. Therefore, you may have to type extra CTRL/Cs,
program exit commands, and POPs. To reduce confusion about
the direction of terminal input, it is recommended that you
use CONTINUE /STAY only when you plan to work at the current
EXEC level while a program runs in a background fork. You
should also CONTINUE /STAY programs that simply end without
requesting terminal input. Use CONTINUE /BACKGROUND when
you plan to work at a lower EXEC level or at another program
When a program started with CONTINUE /BACKGROUND requests
terminal input, it sends the message, [FORK-NAME wants the
TTY]. No input is taken by the background program until you
return to program command level with CONTINUE /NORMALLY.
You should CONTINUE /BACKGROUND programs that request
Maintaining Access to Directories
While a fork is running in the background, use caution in
using the CONNECT, ACCESS and END-ACCESS commands. Changing
your directory access could leave the fork unable to
reference certain files.
No I/O Control with Some Programs
Most programs read and write data to the terminal through
standard input and output designators. Some programs
however, use different methods of communicating with the
terminal. Therefore, when you use /BACKGROUND and /STAY to
control terminal input and output from a background fork,
the input and output behavior of programs with nonstandard
designators can be unpredictable.
Continued Programs Do Not Prompt for input
When you continue a program, the program continues from
exactly where it was interrupted. If the program was
waiting for input, it will simply continue to wait for
input; it won't prompt you again. For example, assume you
are running the DECmail/MS program and you press CTRL/C at
the MS> prompt. Next, you CONTINUE MS. The cursor moves to
the next line but no MS> prompt appears. This is because MS
has continued to do the last thing it was doing when you
interrrupted it with CTRL/C - waiting for a command at the
MS> prompt. MS does not know that its prompt is no longer
displayed before the cursor.
So, when you continue a program and nothing happens,
consider what you were doing when you CTRL/C'd the program.
If you were at the MS> prompt, type an MS command or, press
RETURN again to redisplay the MS> prompt. If you had typed
a portion of and MS command, press CTRL/R to redisplay the
command. If you had typed a portion of a mail message,
press CTRL/K to redisplay the message.
Effect on Memory and Terminal
The CONTINUE /NORMALLY command resumes processing the program in
memory, and leaves your terminal at program command level (if
any). The CONTINUE /BACKGROUND and CONTINUE /STAY commands
resume processing the program in memory, but leave your terminal
at TOPS-20 command level.
DETACH CONTINUE for disengaging your current job
from your terminal and continuing
the program that the job is
FORK for changing the current fork
FREEZE for halting a program in a
INFORMATION FILE-STATUS for monitoring files being written
by your program
INFORMATION FORK-STATUS for displaying the number and the
status of each fork in your job
INFORMATION MEMORY-USAGE for monitoring your program's use
INFORMATION PROGRAM-STATUS for monitoring your program's use
of CPU time
KEEP for giving a fork a kept status
PUSH for obtaining a lower TOPS-20
command level (and a fresh copy of
REENTER for starting your current program
at its alternate entry point (if
START for starting your current program
at the beginning
RESET, SET NAME, other multiforking-class commands
SET PROGRAM, UNKEEP for performing related functions
1. Display the fork status with the INFORMATION FORK-STATUS
command. Notice that the arrow points to the current fork.
Then, give the CONTINUE command to continue the program in
the current, halted fork.
EDIT (1): Kept, HALT at 6253, 0:02:54.4
=> DUMPER (2): HALT at 700304, 0:01:19.3
2. Run the DSR program and then halt it by typing two CTRL/Cs.
Give the CONTINUE /BACKGROUND command to continue DSR in a
background fork and return to EXEC command level. Then, give
the KEEP command so that you can load another program without
clearing the running, background, DSR fork. Check the status
of DSR with the INFORMATION FORK-STATUS command.
=> DSR (1): Kept, Background, Running at 413160, 0:00:00.8
Now begin editing a file with the EDIT program. During your
editing session the system notifies you that the background
fork wants input. To return to DSR command level, first exit
the edit program. Then check the fork status with the
INFORMATION FORK-STATUS command. Notice that DSR is in a
terminal I/O wait state and that EDIT is now the current
fork. Since the fork you want to continue is not the current
fork, you must specify the fork name with the CONTINUE
command. Now type CONTINUE DSR.
00100 SET DEFAULT PRINT /NOHEADER /NOTIFY:YES
00200 SET PROGRAM MS KEEP START
00300 SET PROGRAM HOST KEEP CONTINUE
00400 SET DEFAULT COMPILE-SWTICHES PAS /NOFLAG-NON-STANDARD
00500 INFO MAIL
00350 SET PROGRAM DUMPER KEEP CONTINUE
DSR>[DSR: wants the TTY]
=> EDIT (1): Kept, HALT at 6253, 0:00:51.4
DSR (1): Kept, Background, TTY I/O wait at 4404426,
3. Begin editing a long file, giving the F (find) command to
EDIT. Give a CTRL/C and then the M command to return to
TOPS-20 command level. Give the CONTINUE /STAY command and
then INFORMATION FILE-STATUS commands to check the progress
of EDIT as it searches through the file. (Notice that the
byte position shown in response to successive INFORMATION
FILE-STATUS commands grows larger.) Finally, give the
CONTINUE command to return to EDIT so you can give more EDIT
Yes? (Type H for help): M
Connected to PS:<LATTA>, JFNS:
4 <LOADTEST>EDIT.EXE.4 Read, Execute
3 EDIT-BUFFER.OUT.100046 Read, Write, 0.(7)
2 DOC-PLAN.MEM.1 Read, 43520.(7)
1 <SYSTEM>EXEC.EXE.153 Read, Execute
Device assigned to/opened by this job: TTY222
@INFORMATION FILE-STATUS 2
2 DOC-PLAN.MEM.1 Read, 112640.(7)
@INFORMATION FILE-STATUS 2
2 DOC-PLAN.MEM.1 Read, 130560.(7)
4. Start compiling a long file. After compilation has begun,
type two CTRL/Cs to stop the compilation and return to the
EXEC command level. Use the CONTINUE /STAY command to resume
compilation, and then PUSH to a new EXEC command level. Edit
a text file at this lower level, then give the POP and
CONTINUE commands to return to the compilation in progress.
The compiler finishes, in this case, after you have done so.
TOPS-20 Command processor 7(55)
00100 JUNE 19, 1987
00500 JUNE 12
00750 JUNE 5
00900 JUNE 18
01400 JUNE 21