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COCOS.HLP COCOS.MAN 1977-07-19 Revised: 1978-07-30
COCOS - Conditional Compilation in SIMULA
COCOS is a program to allow one SIMULA source program to
compile into several differing programs. A preprocessor selects
statements from the initial source program according to
selection statements. The initial source program can also be
compiled directly as one of the versions.
In the future, some SIMULA compilers may include the interpre-
tation of the COCOS commands, or some other similar scheme, so
that no preprocessing is necessary.
COCOS commands all begin with % in the first character position
of a source program line. Such lines are ignored by the
DECsystem-10 SIMULA compiler release 4. (COCOS also accepts
command lines beginning with COMMENT% as the first non-blank
text on a source program line. The source program should not
contain any lines beginning COMMENT% except COCOS command
The four COCOS commands are:
%COCOS <variable> = <value>
%IFEND <variable> (%ENDIF is equivalent)
The commands may, but must not end with semicolon (;).
There should be no other text on these command lines.
<variable> can be any valid SIMULA identifier. COCOS variables
are however always global throughout the whole program and can
have the same name as other identifiers in the program.
<value> can only take the values TRUE or FALSE.
%COCOS GERMAN = FALSE; outtext("I am.");
%IF GERMAN; outimage;
outtext("Ich bin."); END;
With %COCOS GERMAN = TRUE, the output file will include
"Ich bin." instead of "I am.".
COCOS - CONDITIONAL COMPILATION IN SIMULA, HELP TEXT PAGE 2
With each switch is associated three values, the variable name
(<variable>), the value (<value>) and the condition.
%IF gives the condition the value YES.
%IFEND gives the condition the value NEUTRAL.
%IFNOT gives the condition the value NO.
No COCOS command lines are copied to the compilable program.
Other lines are copied only if for all TRUE switches, the
condition is yes or neutral, and for all FALSE switches, the
conditiion is no or neutral.
There can be more than one %COCOS commands for the same
variable in a processed program. The last command is valid.
If a %IF... command is encountered with no known value
for the switch, then COCOS will ask the conversational
terminal for a value.
COCOS - CONDITIONAL COMPILATION IN SIMULA, DEFINITION PAGE 3
A COCOS command always begins with the character % in the first
position of a source program line (except for a line number).
(COCOS also accepts command lines beginning with COMMENT% as
the the first non-blank text on a line. The COCOS input file
may not contain any line beginning with "COMMENT%" except COCOS
The COCOS commands are:
%COCOS <variablename> = <true-or-false>
<variablename> can be any valid SIMULA identifier. Variablenames
are global throughout the source file and name clashes with
other SIMULA identifiers are allowed. The COCOS command
%COCOS defines a value, TRUE or FALSE, for a named
compile time variable. The value can be redefined by later
%COCOS commands with the same variablename.
This command sets the condition for the named variable to "yes".
This command sets the condition for the named variable to "no".
%IFEND <variablename> (%ENDIF is equivalent)
This command sets the condition for the named variable to
"neutral". The condition for a variable is also "neutral" before
the occurence of the first %IF command.
COCOS commands may, but need not end with semicolon (;).
The COCOS preprocessor will produce an output file in which it
1) Remove all lines containing COCOS commands.
2) Remove all lines where any COCOS variable either:
a) Has the value TRUE and the condition "no", or
b) has the value FALSE and the condition "yes".
3) If a %IF command is encountered for a variable which
has not been given any value in a %COCOS command, and
the program is run from a conversational terminal, then COCOS
will ask the terminal for a value (TRUE or FALSE) for this
NOTE: This means that all the compile time variables are
independent, and that all text is excluded which is excluded by
the setting and conditions on any of the compile time
When COCOS is executed, you can give the following command