There are no other files named select.hlp in the archive.
SELECT is a separately compiled SIMULA CLASS to enable searching of
texts or files applying BOOLEAN search criteria like
meaning that you want to find all lines or records which contain either
the word "SWEDEN" or the word "DENMARK" but not the word "COPENHAGEN".
SELECT contains procedures to
a) Convert a text containing such a BOOLEAN search formula into a
formula tree suitable for fast searching.
b) Procedures for applying such a formula tree to a text or part or
whole of a text array.
The allowed operators in the formula are +(=OR), &(=AND), -(=NOT) and
the left and right parenthesises, ( and ). If parenthesises do not
indicate otherwise, + is assumed to have the lowest priority, followed
by &, - and the parenthesises. These operator characters can be changed
by the user.
SELECT does not contain any input/output procedures.
Accessible attributes of the CLASS select:
BOOLEAN PROCEDURE BUILD_CONDITION
Translates a text string like "SWEDEN+DENMARK&-COPENHAGEN"
into a formula tree
This tree can later be used to scan a text through the
procedures LINE_SCAN and ARRAY_SCAN. BUILD_CONDITION will
return FALSE if the input formula had bad syntax, e.g. with
non-balancing parenthesises. In that case, an appropriate
error message is returned in the text SELECT_ERRMESS.
Parameters to BUILD_CONDITION:
REF (OPERATOR) TREE_TOP returns the formula tree.
TEXT SELECTOR contains the input formula text. SELECTOR need
not contain any operators, in which case it simply means a
search for that whole text. If SELECTOR == NOTEXT, then
TREE_TOP returns NONE, which means a formula matching all
BOOLEAN CASESHIFT: If TRUE, upper and lower case characters
will be regarded as identical.
BOOLEAN PROCEDURE LINE_SCAN
sapplies a scanning formula to a TEXT. Returns TRUE if the
formula is satisfied by segments of the TEXT. The formula
"SWEDEN+DENMARK&-COPENHAGEN" is for example TRUE for the TEXT
"DENMARK IS A EUROPEAN COUNTRY" but not TRUE for the TEXT
"COPENHAGEN IS THE CAPITAL OF DENMARK".
Parameters to LINE_SCAN:
REF (OPERATOR) TREE_TOP is a formula-tree produced by
BUILD_CONDITION. If this parameter is NONE, LINE_SCAN will
always return TRUE.
TEXT INLINE is the text to which the formula is to be applied.
If TREE_TOP =/= NONE AND INLINE == NOTEXT, then FALSE will be
BOOLEAN PROCEDURE ARRAY_SCAN
is similar to LINE_SCAN, but will apply the formula to several
lines of TEXT comprising part or the whole of a TEXT array.
Parameters to ARRAY_SCAN:
REF (OPERATOR) TREE_TOP is the formula produced by
TEXT ARRAY LINES is the array of text lines to which the
formula is to be applied.
INTEGER I1, I2 are the lower and upper bound of the lines in
the TEXT ARRAY to which the formula is to be applied. I1 may
be larger than the absolute lower bound of the array, and I2
may be less than the absolute upper bound of the array, if you
only want to apply the formula to part of the lines in the
whole array. If TREE_TOP == NONE, TRUE will always be
returned. If TREE_TOP =/= NONE AND I2 < I1, then FALSE will
always be returned.
will print a formula tree on SYSOUT in the format
i.e. fully parenthesized to show any default assumptions of
operator priorities. Outimage should be called immediately
Parameters to TREE_PRINT:
REF (OPERATOR) TREE_TOP is the formula tree to be output.
will tell the package which characters are to be used as
delimiters in formulas input to BUILD_CONDITION. A default
assumption is made if SET_OPERATOR_CHARACTERS is not called
from your program.
Parameters to SET_OPERATOR_CHARACTERS:
TEXT T: This TEXT should always be of length 5 and contain
the following five characters:
( LEFT PARENTHESIS
) RIGHT PARENTHESIS
If BUILDCONDITION finds a syntax error in the formula, this
TEXT will return an appropriate error message. You can thus
combine SELECT with SAFEIO and write e.g.:
request("Give selection criteria:",
Is the qualification to be used when you declare formula tree
variables in your program, e.g.:
REF (OPERATOR) selector1, selector2;
OPTIONS(/l); COMMENT demonstration example for SELECT;
COMMENT this program will list all lines in an input file
which satisfy a selection formula;
EXTERNAL TEXT PROCEDURE rest, upcase;
EXTERNAL TEXT PROCEDURE scanto, from, conc;
EXTERNAL CHARACTER PROCEDURE findtrigger;
EXTERNAL BOOLEAN PROCEDURE frontcompare, puttext;
EXTERNAL INTEGER PROCEDURE scanint, search;
EXTERNAL CLASS select;
REF (operator) formula;
outtext("Input selection formula:"); breakoutimage;
IF NOT build_condition(formula,
BEGIN outtext(select_errmess); GOTO ask_for_formula;
INSPECT NEW infile("Infile *") DO
open(blanks(150)); sysout.image:- image;
WHILE NOT endfile DO
IF line_scan(formula,image.strip) THEN outimage;
You need not consider this section to make the select package
work, only if you want to make your programs more efficient.
Scanning of non-significant texts takes time, especially for
complex formulas requiring many scans of the text. In such a
case you can often save time by only applying LINE_SCAN or
ARRAY_SCAN to those parts of your text which contain
information, e.g. by supressing non-significant blanks. The
simplest case of this is to strip your texts before scanning
LINE_SCAN on a long text is more efficient than ARRAY_SCAN on
several shorter texts, especially if CASESHIFT is TRUE.
Sometimes, you can let your array elements be subtexts of a
common main text, and apply LINE_SCAN on part or whole of this
main text instead of ARRAY_SCAN on the array. However,
ARRAY_SCAN is faster than LINE_SCAN if the total length of the
scanned texts becomes smaller, e.g. if use of ARRAY_SCAN
allows you to avoid scanning of blanks at the end of lines in
LINECOPY_BUFFER is a text attribute to select used to keep
copies of the texts to be scanned when caseshift = TRUE and
when the number of array elements to be scanned by ARRAY_SCAN
is larger than 10.
Sometimes you can improve efficiency by assigning values
yourself to this buffer. Do not make assignments to it too
If you want to write your own procedures similar to LINE_SCAN
and ARRAY_SCAN you need access to this attribute of SELECT,
which internally refers to the lines to be scanned.
[END OF SELECT.HLP]