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          How to load a SIMULA program in the high segment.

It may be useful to load a SIMULA program in the high segment in  the
following cases:

1) Very big programs:
In the current design, the SIMULA Run Time System (SIMRTS) must start
at 400 000 octal (128K). This leaves only the area below this address
for  data.    If  you  have  a  very  big  program,  you can get some
additional data space in the low segment by loading the program  code
in the high segment.

2) Sharable SIMULA programs:
In some applications, it may be useful to share the code of a  SIMULA
program  between  several simultaneous jobs. If the program is loaded
normally, it will not be sharable (only the RTS). It is now  possible
to load most or all of a SIMULA program as a sharable high segment.

Assume we have a program consisting of the main program MAINP and the
external modules EXT1, EXT2, which also uses some  procedures  and/or
classes  from  SYS:LIBSIM.REL  (possibly  also from DSK:LIBSIM.REL or
another library).
Normally, it would be loaded as follows:
	.LOAD MAINP  ;(,EXT1,EXT2 not necessary)
	.SAVE prog   ;(or simply SAVE if the MAINP name is ok)
Instead, load the program  according  to  the  following  example  (a
command  file  to  COMPIL  may  also  be  constructed  but  is not as

*prog.MAP/MAP				;(2)
*MAINP					;(3)
*/GO					;(11)
.SAVE ;(SSAVE)				;(12)

(1) Suppressing local symbols saves space.
(2) The loading map may be useful for maintenance.
(3)-(5) Some modules must always be placed in the low segment.
(3) Place the main program in the low segment if you want to keep the
high segment write-protected. It may then also be sharable. Note that
the main program is not reentrant (cannot be write-protected) but can
be  made very small  if the bulk of the code  is  an  external  class
used as prefix to the main program.
(4) OCSP must always be in the low segment. ALOG. is an example of  a
module  which  is not reentrant and thus must not be write-protected.
Can be loaded in the high segment if the main program is.
(5) These LIBSIM modules, if used, should always be in lowseg.
(6)  The  whole  of  SIMHGH.REL  M U S T  be loaded first in the high
(7) Here you put other rel files belonging to the program.
(8) If you have your own library, put it here.
(9) System library.
(10) Rest of system modules.
(11) Finish loading.
(12) Save as EXE file.

If the main program is loaded in the high segment, the program cannot
be write-protected and thus will not be sharable. OCSP will  set  off
the  initial  write-protection  using  the  SETUWP  UUO  (see Monitor
Calls). Any module may be loaded in the high segment  in  this  case.
Illegal  store  instructions  may  not  be caught (should not occur).
SIMDDT breakpoints can be set. The program should  not  be  saved  as

If the main program is loaded in the low segment, most of the program
code can be write-protected and may be  sharable  if  saved  via  the
SSAVE  command.  In  that  case, SIMLIB library modules such as ALOG.
which are not reentrant  should  be  loaded  explicitly  in  the  low
segment,  also  other modules which are changed during a run. It will
not be possible to set SIMDDT breakpoints in a  write-protected  high
segment.    Protection    may   be   set   off   via   SETUWP   (E.g.
procedures  SAVE,  RUN or FREEZE should be used, load them in the low
segment (FREEZE must be in same segment as SAVE).

If loaded as shown above, the EXE file will still have a low  segment
part.  It  is  possible  to  create  an EXE file consisting of ONLY a
sharable high segment. Replace steps (11) and (12) above by:


The  module  MAKSHR.REL must be loaded last in the high segment. When
the loaded program is STARTed, execution will start in MAKSHR,  which
will  copy  the  (small)  low segment to the end of the high segment,
change start address etc. When the program is SSAVEd, it will contain
only  a  high  segment.  This  may be shared between users and can be
taken directly from the swapping area if a new user requires the same
program.  When the program is later run, it will start by copying the
original low segment back where  it  was,  then  execution  continues
normally.  Note  that the loaded low segment should be quite small in
this case, since it will exist as a copy in the  high  segment  also.
This mode of loading has been tested with the VIDED program with good

	[End of SIMHGH.HLP 780530]